Table of Contents
- 10. St Stephen’s Cathedral, Vienna, Australia
- 9. York Minster, York, England
- 8. Burgos Cathedral, Burgos, Spain
- 7. Chartres Cathedral, Chartres, Paris
- 6. Basillica di Santa Maria del Fiore, Florence, Italy
- 5. Cologne Cathedral, Cologne, Germany
- 4. Reims Cathedral, France
- 3. Seville Cathedral, Spain
- 2. Milan Cathedral, Milan, Italy
- 1. Notre-Dame Cathedral, Paris, France
Most of churches in Europe were built in Gothic architecture style. Its characteristics include the pointed arch, the ribbed vault and the flying buttress. Cathedrals with Gothic style are always attractive to all tourists when visiting. Here are 10 of most impressive and beautiful gothic cathedrals in Europe for your travel on this Christmas.
10. St Stephen’s Cathedral, Vienna, Australia
St Stephen’s Cathedral has seen many wars and now is symbol of the city’s freedom. The most recognizable characteristic of this cathedral is the diamond-patterned tile roof.
9. York Minster, York, England
York Minster is one of the largest Gothic cathedral in Northern Europe. It was started construction in about 1230 and completed in 1472. It has a cruciform plan with an octagonal chapter house attached to the north transept, a central tower and two towers at the west front. The south transept contains a famous rose window and the west window contains a famous heart-shaped design.
8. Burgos Cathedral, Burgos, Spain
Burgos Cathedral is a Gothic style Roman Catholic cathedral dedicated to the Virgin Mary and is famous for its vast size and unique architecture. Its construction started in 1221 and completed in 1567.
7. Chartres Cathedral, Chartres, Paris
Chartres Cathedral is a medieval Catholic cathedral of the Latin Church in Chartres, France and is one of the finest examples of French Gothic architecture. The cathedral is in an exceptional preservation status in which majority of the original stained glass windows survive intact. The building’s exterior is dominated by heavy flying buttresses while the west end is dominated by two constrasting spires.
6. Basillica di Santa Maria del Fiore, Florence, Italy
Basillica di Santa Maria del Fiore (also called “Basilica of Saint Mary of the Flower”) is the main church and the symbol of Florence, Italy. It was begun in 1296 in the Gothic style under the design of Arnolfo di Cambio and completed in 1436. The exterior of the basilica is faced with polychrome marble panels in various shades of green and pink bordered by white. This beautiful cathedral has the largest brick and mortar dome in the world.
5. Cologne Cathedral, Cologne, Germany
This Roman Catholic cathedral in Cologne was begun construction in 1248 and completed in 1880. It is the largest Gothic church in Germany and is the tallest Roman Catholic cathedral in the world. This beautiful gothic cathedral was added to the Unesco World Heritage List in 1996 and is an attractive destination for tourists and visitors.
4. Reims Cathedral, France
Reims Cathedral (also called Notre-Dame de Reims) is one of the most visited cathedrals in France. The beautiful cathedral was constructed in Gothic style in the 13th century on the site of an older church destroyed by fire in 1210. The construction was completed in 1275. This cathedral is a major tourism destination when coming to France.
3. Seville Cathedral, Spain
Seville Cathedral (also called Cathedral of Saint Mary of the See) is the largest Gothic cathedral and the third largest church in the world. It is an expression in stone of post-reconquest confidence and wealth.
2. Milan Cathedral, Milan, Italy
Milan Cathedral began construction in 1386 and was completed in 1865 and is the fifth largest church in the world. The plan includes a nave with four side aisles crossed by a transept and followed by choir and apse. The roof of the cathedral is famous for the forest of openwork pinnacles and spires set upon flying buttresses.
1. Notre-Dame Cathedral, Paris, France
Notre-Dame Cathedral was begun construction in 1163 and completed about in 1345. It is widely considered to be one of the finest examples of French Gothic architecture, and it is one of the largest and most famous gothic cathedrals in the world.