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A Brief History of Turkey
Turkey has a rich history and heritage which spans right from the days of the Ottoman Empire to the modern day Turkey. Turkey currently has an estimated population of 73.7 million people with a vast area of 780,580 square Kilometer. This predominantly Muslim Country (majorly Sunni Muslims) with two major ethnic groups (Turkish and Kurdish) has so many beautiful sceneries and tourist attractions. Armenians, Jews and Greeks make up the minor ethnic groups in the Republic of Turkey.
The Capital of Turkey is Istanbul and the country’s GDP (nominal) per capita currently stands at $11,054. Turkey is rich in beautiful coastlines, Cosmopolitan cities and attractive Mountainous sceneries.
The Features of Turkey
Turkey’s coastal areas which border around the Mediterranean Sea and the Aegean Sea is temperate. Summer is hot and dry and the Coastal areas experience wet and cool winter. However, the inlands of Turkey have a harsher temperature due to its arid nature. There are various Mountainous landscapes and the temperature is hotter and drier when compared with the Coastal regions.
2. People and Language:
The official language of Turkey is Turkish although Kurdish is spoken by about 12% of the population as their mother Tongue. Turkey is made of about 85% native speaking Turks and they have a population of 99% Muslims, majority of which practice the Sunni type of Islam. Christians, Bahai and Jews are in the minority. Turkish people have a unique blend of Western ways of life perfectly meshed with their culture and traditions. As a reflection of the nature of the people, the Turkish State remains a secular one.
Due to the rich historical heritage of the nation of Turkey, diverse cultures are reflected in the country which brings about a unique mix. When the Turks were migrating to the West from Central Asia, they encountered various people of different hues, shades and culture. In view of their broad based and hospitable philosophy, these cultures were imbibed and this led to the creation of a rich cultural heritage.
The culture of the people of Turkey dates back to the days of the Ottoman Empire which had a spread from North Africa and Europe to the present day Turkey.
The Anatolia area in Turkey has narrow coastal plains while a progression into the inlands reveals Plateaus which are meshed with Mountainous terrains and they become increasingly rugged as one progresses eastward.
The Tourist Appeal of Turkey
As a result of the rich historical background of Turkey and the blend of so many cultures and religions; it remains a very hospitable and lovely Tourist haven. The Ancient and Modern Turkey offer so many tourist attractions which are numerous and I would only try to give an overview of the beauties one can behold in this unique country.
Turkey remains the only Country in the world that is uniquely straddled between two Continents (Europe and Asia). Some of the Landmarks are the Blue Mosque which is situated in the city of Istanbul; Ephesus and Pergamum also offer rich tourist and historical heritage with a vintage view of the Roman ruins. High Calcium deposits in Pamukkale which form what is known as the “Cotton Castles” and the beautiful landscapes in Cappadocia which are very surreal.
Fethiye also has very beautiful coastlines and Eastern Turkey also have rich blend of history, drama and scenery to engage every fun lover. Gallipoli has memorabilia dedicated to World War 1’s Anzac Forces. Turkey is home to beautiful breath-taking Islands, captivating Mountainous terrains, cool lakes, culturally enriching ancient ruins and so much more.
How to plan your Tour of Turkey
Besides the usual itinerary and arrangements each Tourist has to bear in mind; Turkey offers a host of ways to enjoy your visit to the country and some of them are:Group Tours: Group visits to Turkey could be arranged with good bargains and this can be cheap and yet offer a lot of exciting adventure.Short Stays/Weekend Tours: Most busy executives would opt for this package as it gives you a firsthand experience of this beautiful country in a short period of time.Family and Private Visits: These can be organized at the intending Tourist’s discretion and based on his or her budget.
Generally, Turkey is a beautiful Tourist destination and offers a pot-pourri of options to every visitor. Its blend of the Ancient and Modern Tourist attractions make it a remarkable destination.
A Brief Overview of Turkey
Country name: Republic of Turkey (local: Turkiye Cumhuriyeti).
Government type: republican parliamentary democracy.
Independence: 29 October 1923 (successor state to the Ottoman Empire).
Administrative divisions: 81 provinces (iller, singular – il); Adana, Adiyaman, Afyon, Agri, Aksaray, Amasya, Ankara, Antalya, Ardahan, Artvin, Aydin, Balikesir, Bartin, Batman, Bayburt, Bilecik, Bingol, Bitlis, Bolu, Burdur, Bursa, Canakkale, Cankiri, Corum, Denizli, Diyarbakir, Duzce, Edirne, Elazig, Erzincan, Erzurum, Eskisehir, Gaziantep, Giresun, Gumushane, Hakkari, Hatay, Igdir, Isparta, Istanbul, Izmir, Kahramanmaras, Karabuk, Karaman, Kars, Kastamonu, Kayseri, Kilis, Kirikkale, Kirklareli, Kirsehir, Kocaeli, Konya, Kutahya, Malatya, Manisa, Mardin, Mersin, Mugla, Mus, Nevsehir, Nigde, Ordu, Osmaniye, Rize, Sakarya, Samsun, Sanliurfa, Siirt, Sinop, Sirnak, Sivas, Tekirdag, Tokat, Trabzon, Tunceli, Usak, Van, Yalova, Yozgat, Zonguldak.
Total area: 780,580 km².
Terrain: high central plateau (Anatolia); narrow coastal plain; several mountain ranges.
Highest point: Mount Ararat 5,166 m (the legendary landing place of Noah’s Ark, is in the far eastern portion of the country).
Coastline: 7,200 km.
Climate: temperate; hot, dry summers with mild, wet winters; harsher in interior.
Ports and harbors: Gemlik, Hopa, Iskenderun, Istanbul, Izmir, Kocaeli (Izmit), Icel (Mersin), Samsun, Trabzon.
Note: strategic location controlling the Turkish Straits (Bosporus, Sea of Marmara, Dardanelles) that link Black and Aegean Seas.
Population: 68.9 million (July 2004).
Religions: Muslim 99.8% (mostly Sunni), other 0.2% (mostly Christians and Jews).
Ethnic groups: Turkish 80%, Kurdish 20%.
Languages: Turkish (official), Kurdish, Arabic, Armenian, Greek.
Nationality: noun: Turk(s). Adjective: Turkish.
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