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There are 2 ways to estimate the height of a mountain. A popular and intuitive way to distinguish mountains from subsidiary peaks is by their height above the highest saddle connecting it to a higher summit, a measure called topographic prominence or re-ascent (the higher summit is called the “parent peak”). The other is to measure the height of the mountain compared to sea level. Today, we would like to introduce you 10 highest mountains in the world, using the latter measurement. All of top 10 tallest mountains are located in Asia.
Annapurna is is a massif in the Himalayas in north-central Nepal. With 26,545 feet height, Annapurna is the tenth tallest mountain in the world. It was first summited in 1950 by Maurice Herzog and Louis Lachenal. Since that day, Annapurna has only been climbed by about 130 people, and approximately 53 have died trying.
9. Nanga Parbat
Next, Nanga Parbat, whose name means Naked Mountain, is on top highest mountains in the world, located at the western end of the Himalaya Range in the Gilgit-Baltistan region of northern Pakistan. It has three major faces-Diamir, Rakhiot, and Rupal. Here the mountain towers in isolation 26,660 feet from the sea level. The mountain is easy to reach, but is not so easy to climb. Unstable glaciers and frequent storms and avalanches have proved hazardous. Until now, about 30 people are recorded to successfully climb to the peak of the mountain.
Taller than Nanga Parbat 100 feet, Manaslu which is located in the Nepal Himalaya is listed on top highest mountains in the world with 8th position. Manaslu is a dangerous peak with a high fatality rate, high avalanche danger on the lower slopes, but easier non-technical climbing up high. Since 1950, about 59 people died when conquered this peak.
Ranked at 7th in the list, Dhaulagiri which is an enormous Himalayan massif, located in north central Nepal has 26,795 height above the sea level. Dhaulagiri is ideal choice for mountaineers ready to test themselves on Nepalese giants, because climbing Dhaulagiri is not technical.The normal route is considered a reasonable climb with moderate avalanche danger and only short technical climbing sections.
6. Cho Oyu
Cho Oyu is the 6th tallest peak in the world. It is located on the Tibet and Nepal border and is a part of the Greater Himalaya, where the central Asia plateau meets the Indian subcontinent. Cho-Oyu is an achievable undertaking for intermediate climbers who wish to attempt an 26,864 feet peak.
Makalu which lies in the northeast region of Nepal is on top 5 highest mountains on earth with 27,838 feet height. It is known for its heavy glaciations, strong winds, steep pitches and knife-edged ridges which has proved to be a challenging climb.
Lhotse stands at 27940 feet above the sea level, making it the fourth tallest mountain in the world. It is situated at the border of Tibet and Nepal. No serious attention was turned to climbing Lhotse until after Everest had finally been ascended. Lhotse is suitable for experienced mountaineers with previous 25,000 feet climbing experience, who are comfortable on Scottish Grade III/IV.
Kangchenjunga is the third-highest peak in the world with an elevation of 28,169 feet. Kanchenjunga was assumed to be the highest mountain in the world until 1852, and only after the British Great Trigonometric Survey in 1849 Mt. Everest (known as Peak XV at the time) was crowned the highest and Kanchenjunga the third-highest.
The second position in the highest mountains list belongs to K2 which is located on the Pakistan-Chinese border. It was first summitted in 1954 by two Italians. Since then, there have been 189 summits and 49 climbers have died on K2. It is the most deadly mountain in the world with the numerous number of accidents that happen on the descent. The statistics for female climbers are particularly dramatic.
1. Mount Everest
Reaching 29,029 feet above sea level, Mount Everest is the highest mountain on Earth. the mountain’s summit straddles the border separating China and Nepal. Climbers from everywhere travel to Everest hoping to earn the distinction of climbing the “World’s Highest” but Climbing more than 8,000 feet is no easy feat. Although more than 4,000 people have scaled the summit since Sir Edmund Hilary and Sherpa Tenzing Norgay first conquered the mountain in 1953, hundreds have also perished.
|1||Mount Everest||8848||29029||Border of Nepal and Tibet (China)|
|2||K2||8611||28251||Border of Pakistan and China|
|3||Kangchenjunga||8586||28169||Border of Nepal and India|
|4||Lhotse||8516||27940||Border of Nepal and Tibet (China)|
|5||Makalu||8485||27838||Border of Nepal and Tibet (China)|
|6||Cho Oyu||8188||26864||Border of Nepal and Tibet (China)|